Initiation within Wicca is an important process. Although initiation into a coven was traditionally the only way to become a wiccan or witch, self-initiation by solitary practitioners has, since the 1980s, become common. 
In coven-based Wicca and witchcraft, an initiation is one of the first steps to joining a coven. It is also used pass on energy from the priest or priestess to the initiate, and to begin changes on a spiritual and energetic level which will prepare that person for the revealing of deeper knowledge. Most wiccan covens use a three-degree system of initiation, which is based upon the three-degree system of Freemasonry.